John Adams letter to Abigail Adams, 19 April 1789


Haviland's, at Rye, 19 April, 1789.


I HAVE been so diligent on the road, and so much interrupted by company at the taverns, that this is the first time I have been able to get an opportunity to write to you. We arrived at this house last night (Saturday), shall rest here to-day, and go into New York to-morrow. At Hartford, the manufacturers presented me with a piece of broadcloth for a suit of clothes. At New Haven, the corporation presented me with the freedom of the city. At both these towns the gentlemen came out to meet us, and went out with us. At Horseneck, we were met by Major Pintard and Captain Mandeville, with a party of horse from the State of New York, and there is to be much parade on Monday. Before this, I presume the printers in Boston have inserted in their gazettes the debates of the House of Representatives, which are conducted with open galleries. This measure, by making the debates public, will establish the national government or break the confederation. I can conceive of no medium between these extremes. By the specimens that I have seen, they go on with great spirit in preparing the impost, which is a favorable omen.

My love to the children, and duty to my mother, &c.


John Adams

Letters of John Adams, Addressed to His Wife. Edited by His Grandson, Charles Francis Adams, Volume II, 1841