John Adams Letters document,


[Philadelphia], 29 October, 1775.

THERE is in the human breast, a social affection, which extends to our whole species, faintly indeed, but in some degree. The nation, kingdom or community to which we belong is embraced by it more vigorously. It is stronger still towards the province to which we "Belong, and in which we had our birth. It is stronger and stronger as we descend to the county, town, parish, neighbourhood and family, which we call our own. And here we find it often so powerful, as to become partial, to blind our eyes, to darken our understandings, and pervert our wills.

It is to this infirmity in my own heart, that I must perhaps attribute that local attachment, that partial fondness, that overweening prejudice in favor of New England, which I feel very often, and which, I fear, sometimes leads me to expose myself to just ridicule.

New England has, in many respects, the advantage of every other colony in America, and, indeed, of every other part of the world that I know any thing of.

1. The people are purer English blood ; less mixed with Scotch, Irish, Dutch, French, Danish, Swedish, &c., than any other ; and descended from English men too, who left Europe in purer times than the present, and less tainted with corruption than those they left behind them.

2. The institutions in New England for the support of religion, morals and decency exceed any other ; obliging every parish to have a minister, and every person to go to meeting, &c.

3. The public institutions in New England for the education of youth, supporting colleges at the pub lic expense, and obliging towns to maintain grammar schools, are not equalled, and never were, in any part of the world.

4. The division of our territory, that is, our coun ties, into townships ; empowering towns to assemble,

choose officers, make laws, mend roads and twenty other things, gives every man an opportunity of show ing and improving that education, which he received at college or at school, and makes knowledge and dexterity at public business common.

5. Our law for the distribution of intestate estates occasions a frequent division of landed property and prevents monopolies of hind.

But in opposition to these we have labored under many disadvantages. The exorbitant prerogative of our Governors, &c., which would have overborne our liberties, if it had not been opposed by the five preceding particulars.

John Adams